Each child is sweet and adorable. No wonder they are passionately loved and cared. But life
may not constantly go the way we want it. And unfortunately there are children with learning
This is a neurological condition and it stops a child from processing, receiving and sending
information. Because the brain is affected. However it is not a sign of any kind of mental or
A qualified Speech Pathologist can effectively intervene here and treat the child through
speech and language therapy.
Reasons of learning disabilities:
The following elements may cause learning disability. But this list may not be precise
since no particular reason is found yet.
You may wonder what kind of stress our children have. In fact, an injury or disease
may cause stress.
- Unhealthy atmosphere
Exposure to chemicals and other toxins.
Sadly carelessness of parents causes learning disability at times. For instance, alcohol
or drug consumption by mother during her pregnancy
How to recognise:
This difficulty can be managed to a large extent with the help of speech and language
therapy. Definitely it takes patience and constant guidance by a speech pathologist.
However it’s important to find whether the child has this disorder, ideally at the initial
There are tests to analyse the condition. Before that there may be noticeable
symptoms. For example, during the physical growth or development if there is a delay in
gaining the skills which are expected to develop at certain stages, it can be a symptom of
Following are few of the symptoms. And they are classified based on the age of the child.
During preschool the child faces the following learning and behavioural difficulties:
- Inability to utter even simple words
- Lack of focus
- Difficulty to recognise letters
At primary school level
- Difficulty to identify characters or letters
- Find it hard to comprehend letters and sounds
- Trouble in learning new skills
- Inability to recollect facts
At middle school child shows:
- Hesitance to read aloud or take up new tasks including assignments.
- Difficulty to recognise similar sounding words
- Children with learning disability overreact sometimes.
- The child doesn’t seem adaptable to new environments
- Difficulty to comprehend word spellings
- Short attention span
Who and how to intervene:
Naturally teachers and parents will be noticing the child’s learning difficulties initially.
Subsequently the intervention of a speech pathologist happens followed by speech and
As we know, all truths are not pleasant. The fact is, learning disability can’t be
completely cured. But the interventions mentioned above can bring significant positive
changes. Eventually the child becomes academically successful.
How to begin the treatment:
To address the problem, the first step is to approach a professional with the required
expertise in speech and language therapy. He or she can guide the child and teach
techniques to enhance the study skills.
It’s ideal to approach a speech pathologist or an organisation which focuses on the
development of children with learning disabilities. Because they provide an individual
care. Anyway, the kind of treatment required will be decided based on the nature of disability.
The components of treatment may include music, dance and other art forms.
In an organisation a team of specialists develops a schedule, then designs and sets specific
goals to be achieved. Obviously the improvement of the child is assessed in regular intervals.
Normally qualified professionals with experience form such teams. They are capable to make
the process a soothing experience for the child and parents as well.
Duration of the therapy or treatment depends on the intensity of the disability. So, as stated
in the beginning of this article, patience is the key factor.